Jeff Manning will speak on

The Wiles-Lenstra-Diamond numerical criterion over imaginary quadratic fields

Wiles’ modularity lifting theorem was the central argument in his proof of modularity of (semistable) elliptic curves over Q, and hence of Fermat’s Last Theorem. His proof relied on two key components: his “patching” argument (developed in collaboration with Taylor) and his numerical isomorphism criterion.

In the time since Wiles’ proof, the patching argument has been generalized extensively to prove a wide variety of modularity lifting results. In particular Calegari and Geraghty have found a way to generalize it to prove potential modularity of elliptic curves over imaginary quadratic fields (contingent on some standard conjectures). The numerical criterion on the other hand has proved far more difficult to generalize, although in situations where it can be used it can prove stronger results than what can be proven purely via patching.

In this talk I will present joint work with Srikanth Iyengar and Chandrashekhar Khare which proves a generalization of the numerical criterion to the context considered by Calegari and Geraghty (and contingent on the same conjectures). This allows us to prove integral “R=T” theorems at non-minimal levels over imaginary quadratic fields, which are inaccessible by Calegari and Geraghty’s method. The results provide new evidence in favor of a torsion analog of the classical Langlands correspondence.